|Nero Fiddles While|
*1307 – Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are arrested by agents of Philip the Fair. They were tortured until they confessed to heresy – not a good thing for the Templars. However, Philip the Fair enriched his coffers from the fabulous wealth of the Templars. “Fair” refers to the color of his hair not his treatment of others.
*1362 – The Chancellor of England opens Parliament with a speech in English for the first time. Prior to that, the address was made in French. In the same year a statute decreed that English was to be the official language of the courts, and English replaced French in the schools – good for the common folk who spoke only English.
*1777 – British General John Burgoyne prepares to surrender his army to the Continentals (aka, the Rebels). This feat of arms convinces the French to enter the war on the side of the revolutionaries – good for the Americans.
|George III by Ramsay|
|Magdalen by Canova|
Hermitage St. Petersburg
1920 – Larraine Day, American actress (d. 2007) – a truly under rated actress
1822 – Antonio Canova, Venetian sculptor (b. 1757)